The history of the breed in the U.S. dates from an importation in 1838 by Scotch immigrants who settled in Otsego County, New York. Other shepherds wrote that the Cheviot Hills sheep seemed to sense an approaching storm and would seek what shelter they could find on the leeward side of the hills at a time “when the shepherd sees not a cloud and dreams of a wind.”. The wool of the Cheviot sheep enabled the Scottish crofters to make a special type of cloth appropriately called “Cheviot”. Some like the Merino infusions, tended to lower the vitality and constitutional vigor of the breed, and these attempts, too, were dropped. Ribs are usually well sprung; the loin is wide; hindquarters are full and deep. The Cheviot sheep are very hardy breed of domestic sheep. What they probably saw in the Cheviot was an unusual quality of wool that would lend itself to the making of distinctive, durable fabrics. Certainly, the basic beginnings of a distinctive Cheviot breed existed in the Cheviot Hills of Northern England as far back as the Battle of Bannockburn – a race of sheep described as small hardy animals with a “long white face” and other physical attributes of the present Cheviot. James Robson of Belford is credited with being the pioneer improver of the mutton quality of the Cheviot sheep. North Country Cheviots are considered a large breed of sheep, … This breed developed around the border of Scotland and England and was adapted to the barren, windswept weather of the region. But the Church owned large tracts of land in the hill country, and here large numbers of the beast sheep must have found “privileged sanctuary”. The Cheviot is a breed of white-faced sheep which gets its name from a range of hills in north Northumberland and the Scottish Borders. During the four centuries that followed, much of the effort toward improvement of the breed was directed toward developing its interesting wool potential. From all accounts, this original Cheviot importation was nothing “to write home about.”  Apart from its natural vitality and hardiness, it had little to commend it to the rank and file of American sheepmen. From the breed’s early origin in the Cheviot Hills and along the River Tweed, the name “twill” or more properly “tweel” accidently became corrupted to “tweed.”  Under that name, Cheviot tweed went on to earn world renown. Rule 2. Advertise There where losses, of course. Originally called ‘Long sheep’ (a name used since at least 1470) or ‘White sheep’ (in contrast to the Scottish Blackface), Cheviots were a mountain breed of extreme hardiness, which would produce meat and wool on cold, wet, hilly country. Its grazing pattern is unlike that of other sheep. There are reports of two sheep which lived in spite of having been buried in snowdrifts for over 30 days, during the winter of 1800. The clear white open face is long, often with a nose distinctly Roman. Wool growth ends at the knees and neck, leaving the head completely free of wool. The show ring performances of U.S. Cheviot breeders at Toronto in 1956 and 1957 have raised U.S.-bred stock to a new level of international respect as regards its competitive standing with the Cheviot stock of other countries. The bone is light, and the legs covered with white hair from knee to hock. The wool of the Cheviot sheep enabled the Scottish crofters to make a special type of cloth appropriately called “Cheviot”. Here harshness of climate and severity of terrain left an indelible mark on this breed in formative stages. Bull. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Fleeces have relatively little yolk and give a correspondingly high yield of clean wool. The leading Cheviot breeders feel that it would be desirable to increase the size of Cheviots, provided it can be done without sacrificing any of their carcass quality, hardiness, or any of their other good qualities. Under these austere conditions, one would expect that the early mountains shepherds would have given their flocks every protection from the elements, yet we are told that this was not the case. However the Merino was introduced, it was soon found that it weakened the constitution of the animal, and the practice was soon stopped. By 1830 this type of Cheviot had become the dominant breed in the South of Scotland, to a large extent displacing the Black-faced Highland from all but the loftiest elevations in the hills. Not all efforts to improve the breed with Lincoln and Leicester blood where as successful as Robson’s. As evolved up to this time, the Cheviot is a compact, lowest animal, thick in all the right places, and well-proportioned. It is a very old breed and recognized as early as 1372. The breed was distinct in appearance and character from any breed in existence on the island. Far more dramatic is the suggestion that the peculiar quality of the Cheviot wool derives in part from a goat. The hind leg in the vicinity of the thigh may be unexpectedly large for the size of the animal. 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They can do well in the bleak, windswept conditions of England and Scotland. Registration and promotion of Cheviots is handled by the American Cheviot Sheep Society at Lafayette Hill, Pa., with Stan Gates as Secretary. 554, Nov. 1955), a comparison of the Cheviot with three other breeds popular in that state shows Cheviots out in front in both pounds of lamb per 100 pounds of ewe and in the percentage of marketable lamb. Cheviot breeders in several sections have formed local Cheviot Associations which are concerned with their local needs, but work closely with the national Society.


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